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Antoine Redier - An Unusual Rotating Ships Wheel Clock & Barometer

A particularly fine quality revolving 'double ships wheel' novelty/mystery clock, made circa 1880, consisting of a clock to one side, a full-size barometer mounted to the rear and a compass to the top, all supported by a pair of gilded brass ships wheels set to the front and back. The whole assembly is mounted on a bollard which rotates and is controlled by very substantial click-work on either side. Thus, in effect, you can rotate it if it is on your desk to see either the barometric pressure or the time. As can be seen there is no winding hole in the dial and there is a barometer behind it, neither is it wound by rotating the whole assembly, but obviously it can be wound. This mystery is solved by removing the whole barometer dial and bezel from where the clock movement can be accessed. The clock movement is of very fine quality and is signed to the backplate RED, almost certainly the mark of Antoine Redier, a well-known and ingenious maker, made more interesting and unusual for a French clock in having a chain fusee, used in conjunction with a rare and finely executed two-plane lever escapement of a type used almost exclusively by Redier; an example of which is shown and described by Charles Allix & Peter Bonnert in their book Carriage Clocks, Their History & Development, page 213, plates V111/29 & 30 where it is stated that ‘the advantage of a two-plain escapement is that it makes the contrate wheel un-necessary while at the same time allowing the balance staff to be planted vertically’. Derek Roberts notes: This clock is one of the best made examples of this type of clock that we have encountered. Height: 11½ inches (29cms) Please click on images to enlarge: Any additional images are shown below

Antoine Redier

Antoine   Redier,   born   in   Perpignan   on   the   22nd   December   1817,      was   apprenticed   to   the   watchmaker,   Abraham-Louis Perrelet.   In   1838   he   was   awarded   a   Diplômé   de   l'Ecole   d'Horlogerie   in   Paris.   Having   left   Perrelet   in   1839   to   undertake   his military   service   in   the   3rd   Artillery   Regiment,   he   then   worked   for   three   years   with   Henri   Robert   where   part   of   his   duties   was to   repair   the   clocks   at   Couvent   des   Oiseaux.   Interestingly   he   met   the   potrait   painter   Lafon   who   painted   him   a   number   of times,   and   so   a   record   of   Redier’s   appearance   exists.   In   1842   the   convent   assisted   him   when   he   wished   to   purchase   the watchmaking workshop of a Mr Duchemin situated in Place du Châtelet. Redier   is   considered   the   inventor   of   the   portable   ‘bedside’   alarm   clock,   which   very   much   helped   the   clockmaking   industry prosper   in   the   village   of   Saint-Nicolas-d'Aliermont,   near   Dieppe,   also   home   to   many   of   the   finest   carriage   clock   makers   of the   period.   Redier   was   very   much   an   inventor   and   by   the   end   of   his   working   life   he   had   obtained   twenty-seven   patents   of invention   or   improvement   for   various   time-keeping   and   recording   devices,   the   first   being   for   perfectionnements   aux montres et chronomètres de poche in 1842, with the first for an alarm clock, un réveille-matin, in 1847. In 1863 he was made a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur. Redier died in Melun on the 30th December 1892.

Price: On Application

Ref: D248

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